Congo: The CIA, Belgium and the Assassination of an African Hero

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“The day will come when history will speak… Africa will write its own history… it will be a history of glory and dignity.” – Patrice Lumumba

It was the height of the Cold War when Sidney Gottlieb arrived in Congo in September 1960. The CIA man was toting a vial of poison. His target: the toothbrush of Patrice Lumumba, Congo’s charismatic first prime minister, who was also feared to be a rabid Communist.
Lumumba being humiliated after his arrest while an elated Mobutu looks onLumumba being humiliated after his arrest while an elated Mobutu looks on
As it happened, Lumumba was toppled in a military coup just days before Gottlieb turned up with his poison. The plot was abandoned, the lethal potion dumped in the Congo River.

When Lumumba finally was killed, in January 1961, no one was surprised when fingers started pointing at the CIA. A Senate investigation of CIA assassinations 14 years later found no proof that the agency was behind the hit, but suspicions linger.

Today, new evidence suggests Belgium, Congo’s former colonialist ruler, was the mastermind. According to The Assassination of Lumumba, a book published recently in Belgium by sociologist Ludo de Witte, Belgian operatives directed and carried out the murder, and even helped dispose of the body. Belgian authorities are investigating, but officials admit de Witte’s account appears accurate.

Does that mean the CIA didn’t play a role?

Declassified U.S. cables from the year preceding the assassination bristle with paranoia about a Lumumba-led Soviet Communist takeover. The CIA was hatching plots against Cuban leader Fidel Castro and was accused of fomenting coups and planning assassinations worldwide.

And Lumumba clearly scared the daylights out of the Eisenhower administration. “In high quarters here, it is the clear-cut conclusion that if [Lumumba] continues to hold high office, the inevitable result will [have] disastrous consequences . . . for the interests of the free world generally,” CIA Director Allen Dulles wrote. “Consequently, we conclude that his removal must be an urgent and prime objective.”

Even out of office, Lumumba remained under the microscope of Western spy services. His ties to Moscow frightened Washington. His fierce anti-colonialism unnerved Brussels. Belgium finally got its chance at Lumumba after Congolese authorities arrested him in December 1960.

Belgian officials engineered his transfer to the breakaway province of Katanga, which was under Belgian control. De Witte reveals a telegram from Belgium’s African-affairs minister, Harold d’Aspremont Lynden, essentially ordering that Lumumba be sent to Katanga. Anyone who knew the place knew that was a death sentence.

Firing squad. When Lumumba arrived in Katanga, on January 17, accompanied by several Belgians, he was bleeding from a severe beating. Later that evening, Lumumba was killed by a firing squad commanded by a Belgian officer. A week earlier, he had written to his wife, “I prefer to die with my head unbowed, my faith unshakable, and with profound trust in the destiny of my country.” Lumumba was 35.

The next step was to destroy the evidence. Four days later, Belgian Police Commissioner Gerard Soete and his brother cut up the body with a hacksaw and dissolved it in sulfuric acid. In an interview on Belgian television last year, Soete displayed a bullet and two teeth he claimed to have saved from Lumumba’s body.

What remains unclear is the extent, if any, of Washington’s involvement in the final plot. A Belgian official who helped engineer Lumumba’s transfer to Katanga told de Witte that he kept CIA station chief Lawrence Devlin fully informed of the plan. “The Americans were informed of the transfer because they actively discussed this thing for weeks,” says de Witte. But Devlin, now retired, denies any previous knowledge of the transfer.

Either way, Lumumba’s death served its purpose: It bolstered the shaky regime of a formerly obscure colonel named Joseph Mobutu. During his three-decade rule, Mobutu would run his country, bursting with natural resources, into the depths of poverty. It took a civil war to oust him, and Congo has seen little peace since.

Today, at least five countries are fighting in Congo and Lumumba’s son, an opposition leader, spent several weeks in a Kinshasa jail cell on politically motivated charges.


The CIA, Belgium and the Assassination of an African Hero
By Kevin Whitelaw
http://www.thenewblackmagazine.com/view.aspx?index=598

How Belgium Became Home to Recent Terror Plots (2)

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September 27th, 2012 – Some weeks ago the Belgian Senator Nele Lijnen said that she intends to launch a discussion at the Belgian Senate regarding the fact that the terrorists in Syria possess weapons made in Belgium.

But Belgium is not only responsible for sending weapons for terrorist bomb attacks in Syria.

The Belgian State Security knows that Belgian jihadists are going to Syria for organizing these bomb attacks.

The U.S. and its allies work all on the same way: They send money and weapons to the jihadists coming from their country to carry out bomb attacks in Syria.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon who has been posted twice to the Republic of Korea embassy in Washington, D.C. and served as Director-General for American Affairs in 1990–1992, conceals these matters and talks about a ‘civil war’ all the time.

NATO’s headquarters are in Brussels…

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August 3th, 2012

The Belgian State Security “has not confirmed” the rumor that Belgian jihadists are fighting in Syria. Thursday, the newspapers ‘Het Belang van Limburg’ and ‘Gazet van Antwerpen’ argued the opposite: “The State Security confirmed the presence of” Belgium”.

It is uncommon, that the Belgian State Security issued a statement Thursday to correct statements that were attributed to him: “The State Security (…) confirms that Syria is a destination for international Islamist fighters. But the State Security has not been confirmed (…) that there are Belgians among them. ”    In short, if the Security denies to have confirmed does not mean – this is important – it can deny the information.

Originally Flemish newspapers relied on a report by Reuters, dated July 31, citing statements from “several rebel commanders in the north-west Syria,” according to which “Muslims in Great Britain, Belgium and the United States had joined the Free Syrian Army (SLA)”. On July 13th, Reuters pointed out a flood “of thousands of assault rifles Belgian FN FAL was in the hands of the rebels”.

In its annual reports, the Belgian State Security explains how and why she follows people attracted by fighting abroad: there was attention for Iraq, then, from 2010, to the movement towards Pakistan-Afghanistan border area; Finally, most recently, to new locations: “If the Afghan-Pakistan area, more than Iraq, was still popular in 2010 with the majority of volunteers for jihad”, the Belgian State Security wrote in his latest report, “some of them began to plot their way to Yemen, Somalia and the Caucasus”. And Syria now? “Obviously. Where they are beaten, those who return and who actually participated in the fighting have gained knowledge on how to handle weapons, strategy and tactics of war,” noted the Belgian State Security yesterday. “This is the central reason for the Belgian concern”.

Alain Lallemand, Le Soir


Photo: Former Belgian Prime Minister Verhofstadt and  the former Syrian General Isis (‘Free Syrian Army’) in the European Parliament. Verhofstadt, leader of the European liberals, who was pleading  for military interventions in Libya and Syria, pleaded there for the delivery of weapons to the so called Syrian ‘opposition’.  Verhofstadt has good contacts with the European weapons and arms lobby. He is also board member of the Brussels based multinational Sofina (oil- and gas industry)

http://atwar.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/04/06/profit-and-proliferation-part-2-will-belgian-arms-end-up-in-syria/?_r=0

http://diversdiverse.skynetblogs.be/archive/2013/10/22/latest-news-syria-belgian-weapons-7963660.html

http://www.ipisresearch.be/publications_detail.php?id=387

 

SYRIA: Belgian weapons for terrorists

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Belgian Senator to Launch Discussion at Senate on Possession of Belgian Weapons by Armed Opposition in Syria

Aug 14, 2012  – BRUSSELS, (SANA) – Belgian Senator Nele Lijnen said that she intends to launch a discussion at the Belgian Senate regarding the fact that the armed opposition in Syria possess weapons made in Belgium.

Lijnen will pose several questions on the issue as soon as the Senate and the Chamber of Representatives resume their work next month after the end of the summer vacation.

She stressed the need to uncover the fate of exported Belgian weapons, and that many questions must be answered as to how the weapons reached the armed opposition to Syria and to whom these weapons were actually sold and when.

Several sources indicate that the armed opposition is using Belgian weapons, with photos being published that show Belgian weapons in the hands of militants in areas in Damascus’ suburbs.

It should be noted that Belgian weapons are exported to Saudi Arabia and Qatar, which are supplying the Syrian opposition with weapons.

H. Sabbagh

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Photo: M249 Automatic weapon

Contractor:

FN Manufacturing

Cost per item: about $4,000

Size of 2007 contract: $48.3 million

The Army’s primary machine gun can spit 850 bullets per minute. FN Herstal developed the gun in the early 1980s for the Pentagon, which wanted a lightweight automatic weapon (the one here is 17 pounds). The Belgian company’s South Carolina factory makes about 550 a month for the Army.

( Skynetblog ‘Divers’: http://diversdiverse.skynetblogs.be/archive/2013/10/22/latest-news-syria-belgian-weapons-7963660.html )

SYRIA: Belgian weapons for ‘opposition’

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Profit and Proliferation, Part 2: Will Belgian Arms End Up in Syria?

April 6, 2012

In a post yesterday, At War looked at how legal arms sales by Belgium’s main weapons manufacturer, FN Herstal, became a troubling factor in the Libyan conflict over the past year. Now there are concerns about where those weapons may turn up next.

Does Belgium share any responsibility in trying to secure Libya’s arms? That depends on whom you ask, and what you mean by “arms.”

Photo: FN Herstal cartridges from 1977 in a magazine for an FN FAL assault rifle. Tripoli, February 2012.

Belgium promised 225,000 euros (about $300,000) to an international program led by the United States that is intended to secure the loose stock of heat-seeking anti-aircraft missiles in Libya. These weapons were provided to Libya not by Belgium but by former Eastern bloc states. In 2013, a future phase of this program could focus on securing small arms, which Belgium did supply to Libya. While Belgium doesn’t exclude participating in it, the Walloon government, which is FN Herstal’s sole shareholder, has categorically refused to get involved. Its president, Rudy Demotte, argued that the problem was exclusively Libya’s and that his government did not want to enter a “neocolonial logic.”

But Belgium could be confronted with another problem in terms of small arms. Many Libyans say that Qatar, France, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates provided Libyan rebels with weapons during the recent war. Some of these countries are FN Herstal customers, raising the question of whether Belgian small arms, exported to countries that agreed not to re-export them, were nonetheless re-exported.

On Feb. 26, 2011, the United Nations voted the Resolution 1970, imposing an arms embargo in Libya. Nevertheless, in the spring and summer of 2011, Qatar started shipping military material to the rebels in Benghazi. Some of the weapons shipped by Qatar could well have been FN FAL assault rifles produced in Belgium, according to anti-Qaddafi fighters who received them.

Several fighters said in interviews that their FN FALs were supplied by Qatar. Also, a Libyan operator who worked at the Benina airport in Benghazi in April 2011 said he remembered crates from Qatar full of Belgian FALs. Those particular FALs match the weapons sold by Belgium to the Qatar armed forces. It was impossible to trace serial numbers, however, as this procedure requires a special Interpol request. The Walloon authorities as well as FN Herstal declined to comment.

Belgium’s federal authorities insisted they did not receive any re-export request from Qatar, but also said they have no intention to investigate further.

“The Belgian interpretation of the arms embargo is strict: no weapons were to be supplied,” said Michel Malherbe, a spokesman for the Belgian Foreign Affairs. In this interpretation, if the anti-Qaddafi fighers’ accounts are accurate, then Qatar potentially breached the terms of the U.N. resolution, and Belgium’s refusal to investigate is at odds with the position of one of its neighbors.

Switzerland, upon seeing military material it sold to Qatar in 2009 reappear in Libya in 2011, suspended its arms-export licenses to Qatar from July to December 2011.

The European Common Position on Arms Sales, adopted in 2008, stipulates that the selling country has to assess “the existence of a risk that the equipment will be diverted within the buyer country or re-exported under undesirable conditions.” Qatar, according to the Libyan fighters’ accounts, presents such a risk, as it re-exported military goods to third parties without authorization.

As the fighting continues in Syria, this issue could become more pressing. Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim al-Thani, the Qatari prime minister, declared on Feb. 27 that he was favorable to supplying weapons to the Syrian rebels in their fight against Bashar al-Assad. “We have to do what it takes to help them,” he said during an official visit to Norway, “including giving them weapons so that they could defend themselves.”

The same position was adopted by Saudi Arabia. Prince Saud al-Faisal, the Saudi foreign minister, declared that humanitarian help was “not enough” and that arming Syrian rebels was “an excellent idea.” (On the other hand, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton voiced concerns that arming the Syrian opposition could also end up helping Al Qaeda and other jihadist groups get weapons more easily.)

Saudi Arabia is the second-most-important Belgian small-arms customer, behind the United States. This puts Belgian authorities into a difficult position: “The European code and the new Belgian law we tried to install are clear: we cannot export weapons to a country that doesn’t respect non re-export clauses,” said Sophie Paczkowski, spokesperson for the Walloon Region.

On March 9, the Walloon government invited Belgian federal authorities to ask the European Union partners about the Syrian situation. This request was made ahead of the meeting of an European Union Council Working Group on Conventional Arms Exports on April 26. The Walloon region first decided to suspend issuing new arms export licenses for Qatar and Saudi Arabia. On March 20, however, the region reversed its decision. Until the working group’s gathering, Wallonia will adapt its license policy to the decisions of other European Union countries.

Odds are that little will change after the meeting: no formal decisions will be made at this level. “For questions of this nature, it works more like a consultative body,” said Roy Isbister, from the violence watch group Saferworld. “Countries have an opportunity to ask their E.U. partners what they think about a particular issue, but they don’t have to, and anyway any decision is still then taken at the national level. The problem is that the European Common Position allows for multiple interpretations. It is the selling country that has to assess by itself, following its own interpretation of the criteria, including the risk of arms diversion, when it comes to selling military goods.”

The question remaining is: What will the European countries decide on their own national levels? If the arms licenses to Qatar and Saudi Arabia are not suspended, the sector’s regulations will prove to be no more than empty shells. If they are suspended, FN Herstal loses one of its bigger customers, and the whole Belgian weapons industry is endangered. Regarding Belgian and European arms interests, the Arab uprisings look more and more like a “damned if you do, damned if you don’t” situation. The Walloon region will not be able to indefinitely shift its responsibilities onto its European neighbors, and will ultimately face a critically tough decision.

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Photos: A Belgian FN FAL assault rifle said to have been supplied by Qatar during the war. Benghazi, February 2012 – FN Herstal cartridges from 1977 in a magazine for an FN FAL assault rifle. Tripoli, February 2012 – Former Belgian Prime Minister and leader of the European liberals, who was pleading for military interventions in Libya and Syria, pleading for the delivery of weapons to the so called Syrian ‘opposition’.  Verhofstadt has good contacts with the European weapons ans arms lobby.

http://atwar.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/04/06/profit-and-proliferation-part-2-will-belgian-arms-end-up-in-syria/?_r=0

http://www.ipisresearch.be/publications_detail.php?id=387

(Info: ‘Divers’ http://diversdiverse.skynetblogs.be/belgian-weapons/ )

Google Belgium

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 10/4/2013

Internet giant Google is investing an extra 300 million euros at its data centre in the Walloon town of Dour near Mons. In time this will result in the creation of 200 long-trem jobs.

Google made the announcement during a visit of the Belgian Prime Minister, Elio Di Rupo (Francophone socialist). Google’s data centre in Dour is one of the three largest operated by the company in the continent of Europe.

The 300 million will finance a major three-year expansion programme. Google hardware operations manager Freddy Bonhomme told the Belgian press agency Belga: “Work has just started. Between 300 and 350 people are being hired.”

Employment levels may fall after the project is completed.

http://www.deredactie.be/cm/vrtnieuws.english/news/1.1600410

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On 3.14.2012, America’s Defense Department’s best-known geek announced that she was leaving the Pentagon for a job at Google…

(Info:  ‘Latest News Syria’ https://latestnewssyria.wordpress.com/2013/04/16/latest-news-syria-censorship-google/ )

BELGACOM – Israel

Israeli war crimes: Gaza-Shujaiyya-destroyed

Belgacom is the government-owned telecom service provider of Belgium and belongs to a special class of Belgian state-owned utility companies (it had a state monopoly). The company act as a commercial concern and pointed out, its strengths in international communications helped Brussels to attract companies like Hewlett-Packard and British Petroleum, to set up their international headquarters there (next the headquarters for NATO and the EEC). The company is working with Israeli phone and Internet tapping instruments but that’s so expensive that the budget of Belgian Justice for this year is already exhausted.
The majority of the firewalls on US corporate and government computer systems are provided by just one company, Checkpoint Systems, which like Amdocs, Comverse Infosys, and Odigo, is headquartered in Israel.
We found out that there is some connection between Belgacom-Skynet and Amdocs…

11 נובמבר 2006 … AMDOCS-ISRAEL-LTD-LAN. Hakirya. NDS Israel Technologies Ltd. Tnuva Computers. PELEPHONE-LAN … Belgacom Skynet. Israel Inter-University Computation Center. Amit Overseas … AMS Advenced Maintenace System. Romania Data Systems. YOEL- GEVA-SCHOOL-ADSL … Checkpoint Software Technologies …
http://www.kabala-oria.net/…/network%20location%20-%20kabala-oria.htm

Organization Name:

ADSL-CUSTOMER-CONNECTION Bezeq International-Ltd Golden Lines Cable Barak I.T.C BB-HFA (not set) CABLES-CUSTOMERS-CONNECTION Broadband-PT NetVision Golden Lines International Communication Services Euronet Digital Communications BB-PT ADSL-FIXIP-CUST IG ADSL Costumers Omega Building America Online Israeli Government Network Hebrew University of Jerusalem firewall segment Verizon Internet Services IG Cables Costumers Optimum Online (Cablevision Systems) Clal Insurance Elron Technologies MOTOROLA Israel Local Authorities Data Processing Center Lt tel aviv municipality GOLDENLINES-NET-WAN Dynamic pool for broadband users Actcom – Active Communications Ltd. Motorola General Systems Group Savvis MALAM-SYSTEMS-LTD-LAN PPTP2 IG ADSL Costumers (Tony12) SBC Internet Services Safelines Ltd. Road Runner IG ADSL Costumers (Tony14) Keter Plastics Ltd. CLEAN PPTP3 Comtek Tel Aviv University Network Computer reseller Comcast Cable Relational Technology Systems MOFET IG ADSL Costumers (Tony09) Actcom – Active Communication Ltd. IG ADSL Costumers (Tony13) IG ADSL Costumers (Tony10) PPTP1 Ben Gurion University Network IG ADSL Costumers (Tony06) Kupat Holim Mehuchedet Ministry Of science – Libraries Department ROADRUNNER-NYC IG ADSL Costumers (Tony01) IG Cables Costumers (Genie10) IG ADSL Costumers (Tony02) Bezek Chello Broadband GmbH DSL Extreme IG Cables Costumers (Genie06) Bar-Ilan University Network RAS range Reshut Hadoar InfoWeb(Fujitsu Ltd.) TELMA-LTD-LAN KIBBUTZ-BEIT-HASHITA-LAN IG Cables Costumers (Genie03) Bar-Ilan University Network Aridor Assets PPTP tel-aviv EarthLink Hidenet Education Ministry Cellcom Rogers Cable France Telecom Telran Communications BellSouth.net Bezeq International Inter Disciplinary Center BTL Eyal Naor Exodus IDC – NJ/NY1 Tel Aviv University – Hospital Network Deutsche Telekom AG Optibase WAN GL connections Technion Network Aplica Tek Haifa University Network Barak I.T.C. BEZEQ-CALL-LAN Teva Telewest Broadband KIBBUTZ-MAGEN-PLASTIC-LAN Health Ministry Cable & Wireless Panama Google Kineret Group Eilat Inter Ltd HTC – DSL Modem Pool INDIGO IG ADSL Costumers (Tony07) BEST-CARTON-LTD-LAN bezeq-international The Academic College Of Judea And Samaria RICERCAR Barak WAN Connection Pentagon Systems Ltd. CREOSCITEX-SIFRA Tel Hashomer Hospital KESELMAN-AND-KESELMAN-CPA-LAN GOV-IL partner GOLDENCHANNELS Kibbutz Ramat Hakovesh Network BEZALEL-LAN Skynet Belgium S.M.D. Aquanet Performance Systems International Smile Internet Gold CABLE Costumers TAT-TECHNOLEGIES-LTD-LAN Weizmann Institute of Science Network KORPEL-TAL-LTD-ADSL IG ADSL Costumers (Tony08) LOTAM-COMPANY HISTADRUT-HAOVDIM-DMZ ASTRAL Constanta Tudor migrare clienti Canad ASTRAL TELECOM SA Israel-Aircraft-Industries AKOM BZQINT-DC ROTAL KOM NV-ROUTING-PAIRS kvutsat idb block for PI assignments TTI-TELECOM SAPIR-ACADEMIC-COLLEGE Turk Telekom Hashmira-tech Intel Corporation Sympatico Ecole Nationale Superieure des Telecommunications DR-SHALEV-LTD-ADSL Smile Internet Gold ADSL Costumers Latvia Etgar Insurance FIXED-CABLES-CUSTOMERS Petach Tikva City Hall Volcani Institute of Agricultural Research ip addresses for all the adsl + dial up users COOP-BLUE-SQUARE-LAN Ort HichSchool network IG ADSL Costumers FixIp Shenkar Engineering School BGU Smile Internet Gold ESAFE Costumers Bank Leumi Of Israel The Jerusalem College of Engineering JORDAN-VALLEY-AR-LTD VERIO-HOSTING HILEL-YAFE-HOSPITAL-LAN Telefonica de Espana ASCOLA-GRAPHIC-DESIGN-LTD-LAN Isdn-fixed Kibutz Bet-Kama Network AMUTAT-BNEY-BRIT-ADSL Telstra Internet Globes publisher Ltd. OBJET-GEOMETRIES-LAN Games BEZEQINT KIBUTZ-RAMAT-HASHOFET Discount Bank Smile – Internet Gold AMDOCS-ISRAEL-LTD-LAN Hakirya NDS Israel Technologies Ltd. Tnuva Computers PELEPHONE-LAN KIBBUTZ-EN-HAROD-IHUD-LAN ZAID-ORAIV-LTD-LAN The Netherlands International Com Company Network Internet Israeli Softwatch Internet Gold’s Petach Tikva Network Cablecom GmbH Mivtahim Uninet S.A. de C.V. Maariv CABLEVISION S.A. TALDOR-LTD-LAN IG Proxy Machines KIBBUTZ-MORAN-CABLES Kibbutz sarid Network Shdema insurance Ltd. Bay Marketing Globkol comunication Ltd. Israel Airports Authority Elbit Hadmaya LTD. Kibbutz shefaiim Network SOFTBANK BB CORP Port and Railway Authority LIKORED-INDUSTRIES-LTD-LA N Tadiran – Kibutz Gaash MIG-ADSL KIBUTZ-NATIV-HALAMED-HA-LAN Africa Israel Investments BRM Technologies Kibutz Yakum Cox Communications Cybercity A/S Yediot Technologies Intigreti Sistems LTD NV-JOINT Taro-LAN Exalead S.A. Albar Mimonit Ltd ESHET-INCOMING-TOURISM-LAN Proxad / Free SAS MEIDA-SHIVUKI IG Herzelia POP Compass Communications British Telecommunications ISG International Software Group Ltd. RAD LYONNAISE COMMUNICATIONS Jewish Agency Adelphia Electronics-Line KIBBUTZ-RESHAFIM-LAN MILLENIUM-MARKETING-LTD-ADSL MACCABI-HEALTHCARE-LAN Israserv Telrad Industries Ltd. BMC Software is a leading provider of management s IP Addresses For Hosting Customers Parker Logistics Ltd Kidum Enterprises Managment & Markering LTD. Natan Meir OTEnet Telecom Ltd Dat Manegement Services Ltd. Goldnet KIBBUTZ-IFAT-LAN UPC Internet CATV Rapac Gamida Cell Ltd. DUBEK-LTD-ADSL Lan Israel Ministry Of Defence Hi-Tech College America Online ICQ Ardom Regional Factories Teletel Communication Channels club hotel Netafim ALONY-LAN Alami Internet Services Ltd. ALICE DSL Racevet Israel Cohen Et Valdman – ADSL AGUDAT-EZRA-LEMARPE-LAN Site-filtering users Global Village Telecom LTDA. The National Company For Caol LTD. Apolo-Gold-Telecom Xerox Palo Alto Research Center Belgacom Skynet Israel Inter-University Computation Center Amit Overseas Algorithmic Research Ltd. Zicon – ADSL SHIDURIT-LTD-LAN Alexa Internet Elko Hachzakot Netsupport smartservices a part of the Rad-Bynet g NACE-LAN ALBATRONICS-LTD-ADSL Cablelynx Q-Data LTD. Bezeq International Kibutz Merom-Golan Network Hadasa Hospital Regba COLOMBIA TELECOMUNICACIONES S.A. ESP HADASSA-COLLEGE-JERUSALEM-LAN Telenor Business Solution AS SIGMA-LTD-LAN SIFRANET-LAN

(Picture: Gaza after Israeli bombings with American made war planes)

Former Belgian Prime Minister involved in funding Israeli settlements

dehaene dexia

Belgian bank financing Israeli settlements
David Cronin The Electronic Intifada 13 April 2010

BRUSSELS (IPS) – Dexia, a major Belgian-French bank, is continuing to finance Israeli authorities in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) almost a year after it indicated that it would cease providing loans to illegal settlements.

In May 2009, Dexia promised that it would not lend any fresh money to councils representing Israeli settlers in the occupied West Bank.

Although Palestinian solidarity activists regarded the announcement as a victory for a campaign they had fought against Dexia, they are not satisfied that all the bank’s transactions with Israeli settlements have been halted.

Intal, a human rights group in Brussels, says it will protest at Dexia’s annual shareholders’ meeting next month, because many of the earlier loans issued to Israeli settlements run until 2017 and are unaffected by last year’s pledge.

“We are calling on Dexia to cut all ties with the occupation [of Palestine],” Intal spokesman Mario Franssen told IPS. “How they do that is up to them. We’re not asking for a boycott of Israel in this case but probably the only solution is for them to get out.”

Dexia’s involvement with Israeli settlements first came to the knowledge of campaign groups in Europe during October 2008, the same month that the governments of Belgium, France and Luxembourg agreed to a multi-billion euro rescue package to prevent the bank from collapsing. In statements to the Israeli parliament — known as the Knesset — Dexia had acknowledged arranging loans to seven settlements and three Israeli-controlled regional bodies in the occupied West Bank between 2003 and 2007.

Intal is also incensed by remarks made by former Belgian Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene, now a Dexia chairman, during 2009. While Dehaene confessed that Dexia had provided loans worth 5 million euros ($6.7 million) to settlements in the occupied West Bank, he stressed that loans to Jerusalem were not included in that amount because “Dexia Group feels that Jerusalem is not contested territory.”

https://electronicintifada.net/content/belgian-bank-financing-israeli-settlements/8780

DEXIA (Belfius)

map story palestine

Dexia Bank and Belgian Government Finance Illegal Israeli Settlements in Occupied Palestine

UN Special Rapporteur Richard Falk rebukes Dexia Bank and Belgian Government

Global Research, October 22, 2013

by Mario Franssen, Intal spokesperson

 Richard Falk, the U.N. Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in thePalestinian Territories Occupied since 1967, describes in his report to the UN General Assembly that the Belgian government can be held responsible for the funding by Dexia Bank of illegal settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories.

For the second consecutive year, Richard Falk has examined the politics of Dexia Bank in the occupied Palestinian territories, through its subsidiary Dexia Israel. In his report submitted to the General Assembly of the United Nations on October 29, 2013, he is quite harsh for the Belgian government.

 The Belgian government is the majority shareholder of Dexia Bank with 50,02 % of the shares. Dexia Bank in turn is 66 % owner of Dexia Israel. In his report Mr. Falk makes very clear that this can have serious consequences.

The Belgian government under fire

The Special Rapporteur sees at least five elements that can put the Belgian government in an awkward position:

  1. Since Belgium has signed the Geneva Conventions, and Dexia Israel violates Article 49 (p 6) of these conventions, Belgium fails in its duty to enforce these agreements (p.15 of the report)
  2. The Special Rapporteur states that Dexia Israel violates Human Rights. Because the Belgian government is majority shareholder, Belgium must take the necessary steps to prevent these activities and / or punish those responsible within Dexia Israel (p. 15-16)
  3. Richard Falk also criticizes Dexia because it has withdrawn from the Global Compact, a self-regulatory instrument within the United Nations of which Dexia Bank was a member. This is especially surprising because Dexia Bank withdrew in April 2013, after the Belgian government became the majority shareholder (p. 16)
  4. International Criminal Law is applicable according to Mr. Falk. Belgium is a signatory of the Rome Statute.Thus Belgian citizens fall under the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court. The ICC could investigate whether Dexia staff is involved in war crimes. (p. 16-17)
  5. The Belgian State can be held responsible for the damage caused by its bank, Dexia. Possibly this may lead to the payment of damages and reparations. (p. 17)

 Finally Mr. Falk criticizes the Belgian government in the conclusions (p. 23-24) and calls on the Belgian NGO’s and human rights organisations to continue to put pressure on the Belgian government to end its involvement in the illegal colonization of the occupied Palestinian territories.

 * Read the full report of the Special Rapporteur:http://www.un.org/en/ga/third/68/documentslist.shtml

For the full article: http://www.globalresearch.ca/dexia-bank-and-belgian-government-finance-illegal-israeli-settlements-in-occupied-palestine/5355195

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DEXIA – BELFIUS: Belfius Bank and Insurance, known as Dexia Bank Belgium up until 1 March 2012, is a for-profit PLC originally founded to meet local authority needs. Belfius emerged from the dismantling of the Dexia group, of which it was part until 10 October 2011, when it was purchased by the Belgian State for 4 billion euros. The company’s headquarters are in Brussels.